Curso
Turismo
Turismo gallego en las rias bajas y Pontevedra

Villas de Sanxenxo Pontevedra

Gramatica de WOULD y SHOULD
Verbos de modo - Modal verbs
Los verbos de modo se
emplean para expresar ideas
tales como posibilidad, intencion,
obligacion y necesidad.
Algunos verbos de modo:
Can, Could, Will,
Shall, Would, Should,
Ought to, To dare y To need.
Ejemplos:
YES, I CAN DO THAT.
Si, puedo hacerlo.
I WOULD HAVE TOLD YOU,
IF YOU HAD WANTED ME TO.
Se lo hubiera dicho si
usted lo hubiera deseado.

WOULD [uud]
y SHOULD [xuud]
sirven para formar el condicional.
SHALL [ xæl ] y WILL [ uil ]
forman el futuro.

Por ejemplo el condicional de IR es:

I SHOULD GO. Iria.
WE SHOULD GO. Iriamos.

HE WOULD GO. iria.
THEY WOULD GO. irian.
YOU WOULD GO. iria.
YOU WOULD GO. iriais.

SHOULD[ xuud ]
Se usa en 1ª persona del singular y plural
y WOULD[ uud ] en las demas.

SHOULD y WOULD
pueden tambien, ocasionamente,
conservar su sentido propio que es
Deber (SHOULD) y Querer (WOULD).

Si en lugar de HE WOULD GO
encontramos HE SHOULD GO
sabremos que no es el condicional
regular ÉL IRIA sino que se ha de
entender Él tendria que ir.

Lo mismo que I WOULD GO en lugar
de I SHOULD GO significa Yo quisiera ir.

Puede darse a confusion que
si HE WOULD GO significa Él iria
¿como se dira Él quisiera ir?
Pues añadiendo LIKE.
Ejemplo:
HE WOULD LIKE (WANT) TO GO.

Para precisar que se quiere decir
Tendria que ir, Deberia ir
y no IRIA se debe sustituir
I SHOULD GO por otro verbo
como I OUGHT [oot] TO GO.

Conjugaciones
con el auxiliar WOULD [uud].

WOULD como WILL y SHALL,
es un auxiliar de modo.

Usos del auxiliar WOULD.
Los verbos ingleses
con el auxiliar WOULD se
emplean en una variedad de formas.

Por ejemplo, el auxiliar WOULD
es usado con frecuencia en
ruegos, solicitudes y sugerencia.
Ejemplos:
WOULD YOU PLEASE
TELL ME THE TIME?
¿Por favor, me puede decir la hora?
PERHAPS IT WOULD BE A
GOOD IDEA TO CALL THE OFFICE.
Quizas seria una buena idea
idea de telefonear a la oficina.

El auxiliar WOULD tambien puede
expresar un futuro como gerundio
y es usado para expresar afirmaciones
y preguntas que pertenecen al
futuro en que fueron hechas.
Ejemplos:
SHE ASKED IF WE WOULD
HELP HER THE NEXT DAY.
Ella pregunto si el proximo
dia nosotros la ayudariamos
THEY SAID THEY WOULD
ARRANGE TO MEET US
THE FOLLOWING WEEK.
Dijeron que la proxima semana
se arreglarian para conocernos.

El auxiliar WOULD tambien puede
ser empleado en deseos pertenecientes
al futuro y en las principales oraciones
de sentencias que contienen
condiciones falsas o improblables.

I WISH THEY WOULD HELP US.
Deseo que ellos nos ayudaran.

IT WOULD HAVE SAVED TIME
IF I HAD KNOWN WHAT TO DO.

Habria ahorrado tiempo
si yo hubiera sabido lo que hacer.

Presente
Participio pasivo
I would like that
I would have liked that
We would write to him
We would have written to him

La formacion de conjugaciones
con el auxiliar
WOULD.
Hay cuatro tipos de conjugaciones
que se forman con el auxiliar WOULD.
El Simple, el Continuo,
el Perfecto, y el Perfecto Continuo.

Las conjugaciones con WOULD
se forman de la misma manera que
las conjugaciones del futuro,
pero en lugar de WILL y SHALL
se usan WOULD y SHOULD.

En las conjugaciones con
WOULD, en el ingles britanico,
se puede emplear SHOULD
para la primera persona.

Sin embargo,normamalmente,
en el ingles americano, WOULD
se emplear para la primera persona.

Cuando los verbos son
conjugados con auxiliares de
modo los resultados a veces se
refieren a modos mas que a tiempos.

La conjugacion simple con el
auxiliar WOULD se emplea para
expresar acciones no continuas.

El el ingles hablado el auxiliar WOULD
frecuentemente se contrae en D.
Hay que notar que la contraccion
es la misma que se emplea para HAD.

En el caso del verbo TO WORK
la conjugacion simple con el
auxiliar WOULD es como sigue:
Sin contraccion Con contracción
I would work I'd work
You would work You'd work
He would work He'd work
She would work She'd work
It would work It'd work
We would work We'd work
They would work They'd work

La conjugation simple con
el auxiliar WOULD se usa
frecuentemente en preguntas,
peticiónes y sugerencias amables.
WOULD YOU PLEASE PASS THE BUTTER?
!Por favor, podria pasarme la mantequilla¡
PERHAPS IT WOULD BE BEST
TO POSTPONE THE MEETING.
Quizas seria mejor posponer
el encuentro (reunion).

La contraccion IT'D se emplea
frecuentemente menos que
otras contracciones ya que es
mucho mas dificil de pronunciar.
IT'D HAVE TO BE AN IBM PC.
Tendria que ser un PC de IBM.

En el ingles hablado WOULD NOT
se contrae frecuentemente en
WOULDN'T [ uudent ]

Conjugacion Simple con WOULD
Tipos de declaraciónes
Ejemplos
Declaración afirmativa.
I would work.
They would work.
Pregunta. Would I work?
Would they work?
Declaración negativa, I would not work.
They would not work.
Preguntas interrogativas
sin Contracciones.
Would I not work?
Would they not work?
Preguntas interrogativas
con contracciones.
Wouldn't I work?
Wouldn't they work?
Coletillas interrogativas I would work,
wouldn't I?
They would work,
wouldn't they?

La conjugacion continua
con el auxiliar WOULD
se emplea para expresar
acciones continuas presentes.

En el caso del verbo TO WORK
la conjugacion continua con el
auxiliar WOULD es como sigue:

Would be working.
It would be working.
He would be working.
She would be working.
You would be working.
We would be working.
They would be working

La conjugacion continua con WOULD es:
Tipo de declaración
Ejemplos
Declaración afirmativa: I would be working.
They would be working.
Interrogacion: Would I be working?
Would they be working?
Declaración negativa: I would not be working.
They would not be working.
Interrogación negativa
sin contracciones:
Would I not be working?
Would they not be working?
Interrogación negativa
con contracciónes:
Wouldn't I be working?
Wouldn't they be working?
Coletilla interrogativa: I would be working,
wouldn't I?
They would be working,
wouldn't they?

La conjugacion perfecta con el
auxiliar WOULD en el caso del
verbo TO WORK es la siguiente:
I would have worked
You would have worked
He would have worked
She would have worked
It would have worked
We would have worked
They would have worked
Tipo de declaración
Ejemplos
Declaración afirmativa: I would have worked.
They would have worked.
Interrogaciones: Would I have worked?
Would they have worked?
Declaración negativa; I would not have worked.
They would not have worked.
Interrogacion negative
sin contracciones
Would I not have worked?
Would they not have worked?
Interrogacion negativa
con contracciones
Wouldn't I have worked?
Wouldn't they have worked?
Coletilla interrogativas: I would have worked,
wouldn't I?
They would have worked,
wouldn't they?

El Perfecto continuo del verbo
TO WORK con la conjugacion
del auxilar WOULD es como sigue:
I would have been working
You would have been working
He would have been working
She would have been working
It would have been working
We would have been working
They would have been working

Los verbos en la oración principal
estan en negrita y los verbos oraciónes
subordinadas estan en negrita y subrayadas.
Tiempo del verbo de
la oración principal
Oracion completa
Presente simple
I think you will succeed.
Preterito simple
I thought you would succeed.
En la oracion
I THINK YOU WILL SUCCEED,
el verbo de la oración principal
THINK esta en el presente simple
y el verbo en oración subordinada.
WILL SUCCEED esta en futuro simple.

Si el verbo THINK se cambia
al preterito simple (Simple Past)
el verbo WILL SUCCEED se debe
poner en preterito (past) usando
en auxiliar WOULD en lugar de WILL.

Otros ejemplos del uso del futuro en preterito.
Tiempo del verbo
de la oración principal
Oración completa
Presente simple
She says she will visit
us next week.
Preterito simple
She said she would visit
us the following week.
Presente simple
They know that we
will be arriving tomorrow.
Preterito simple
They knew that we
would be arriving the next day.

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